The stalactites of Petralona cave are located at the western foot of Mount Katsikas and at an altitude of about 300 meters from the sea level.
It was localized in 1959 by Petralona resident Philippos Hatzaridis and became world famous in 1960 when the skull of Arhanthropos was found by another fellow, Christos Sarriyiannidis.
The systematic excavations of the Cave began in 1965 by the founder of the Anthropological Society of Greece Professor Anthropologist Aris Poulianos. His investigations have shown that the Archangel is about 700,000 years old, making him the oldest European. This age was based on the detailed analysis of stratigraphy (so far 28 geological layers have been revealed), as well as the study of both the primitive paleolithic tools and the species of paleoid that were discovered in almost all layers. Among the fossils of the missing animals are lions, hyenas, bears, panthers, elephants, rhinoceros, lizards, bison and various species of deer and equidae, as well as 25 species of birds, 16 species of rodents and 17 species of feathers.
Important for verifying age is the contribution of nuclear physics. Dated materials are bones, clay, stalagmites and ashes. These are traces of fire – the oldest that has ever lit a human hand on the earth.
OPENING HOURS – GENERAL INFORMATION
Entrance is allowed daily from 9am up to an hour before sunset.
A priority order is retained.
Photographing and filming is not allowed because the cave is a research area and because intense lighting (various lighting, flash, etc.) causes serious damage to the decoration (stalactite and stalagmites).
Additional information on tel: +30 2373071671
Mount Athos or the officially Holy Community of Mount Athos is an “Autonomous Monastic State” within the Hellenic Border with its own administrative system protected by international treaties,. It is unique in the world and differs from the monastic state of Lhasa in Tibet because it is not secular in nature and is not allowed to enter women. It is located on the peninsula of Mount Athos in Halkidiki in the periphery of central Macedonia and is considered the global center of Orthodox Christian monasticism. There live orthodox monks from all over the world, Greeks, Russians, Serbs, Bulgarians, Romanians and many other ethnicities.
MOUNT ATHOS – HISTORY
It’s story is lost in the past. In the 4th – 5th centuries AD we can see monks, while the oldest monastery has exceeded 1000 years of uninterrupted life in the last century. It is also rightly considered by the most important parts of the Balkans and Europe, but mainly of the Eastern Orthodox Church due to its great historical, religious, secretarial and cultural value. It is the living Byzantium 6 centuries after the fall of Byzantium. Finally, because of the huge volume of rich material, it is also characterized as a “shelter” of Greek art and Greek letters, but also as a living museum, since the holy vessels and objects are not enclosed in a showcase but are part of everyday worship.
Thessaloniki and all that it offers!
The city of Thessaloniki is a unique destination that will surprise you and give you unforgettable moments!
As a modern European city, Thessaloniki can offer intense thrills to the lovers of museums, history and nightlife. In addition, the shopping streets of Thessaloniki are considered the shopping paradise with Tsimiski Avenue to lead!
The tasty experiences and the plethora of choices will surely excite those who are looking for a special culinary culture and intense flavors! Dance enthusiasts will be delighted by destinations like traditional taverns, restaurants and the famous confectionery of the city!
The energy-packed Ladadika and the area of Valaoritou will surely satisfy the musical tastes and the most demanding, offering dozens of night-time choices while in the summer months the airport area gets fire …
The distance from the most important destinations of Halkidiki is relatively small, which certainly favors a short-term visit to this vibrant and important city! You will immediately understand the reasons why Thessaloniki is considered an excellent city break destination!
Mediterranean Cosmos, in the area of Pilea, southeast of Thessaloniki, is the first and largest commercial and entertainment center of its kind in northern Greece, offering residents a unique combination of entertainment, shopping and cultural activities.
With easy access from the city center and the surrounding areas, it is only five minutes from the international airport “Macedonia”. There is road access from all directions, while it is part of Thessaloniki’s public transport network.
The center includes a wide range of commercial functions (190 shops, 36 restaurants and cafes), hypermarket supermarkets, well-known retail chains, playgrounds, infirmary, information desk, banks, pharmacy, laundry, hairdresser, photographic, church, Recreation for the whole family and services for people with disabilities. It has been designed on two main levels, with commercial shops serviced by internal pedestrian streets and overpassed parking spaces, distributed equally in five main entrances.
Both the shopping center and the Village areas are fully accessible to people with disabilities.